FAR - Authorisations & Agreements List

The FAR provides fishing authorisations for different types of access outside EU waters and for non-EU country vessels seeking to fish in EU waters. The main types of authorisation are as follows.

  • Authorisation to fish under bilateral agreements between the EU and a third country - Read More
  • Authorisation to fish under Reciprocity agreements -  Read More
  • Authorisation to fish under a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) or high seas authorisation - Read More
  • Authorisation to fish under Private or Chartering agreements with third countries - Read More

Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (SFPAs):

The EU negotiates SFPAs (previously called Fisheries Partnership Agreements, FPAs) with non-EU countries to allow EU vessels to fish for surplus stocks in that country's exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Under these agreements, the EU pays a contribution to the coastal state for access to its fishing resources.

The majority of these SFPAs are negotiated with developing countries. In 2014, more than €130 million was paid to 13 countries to secure access to fisheries for the EU fleet under this type of agreement. The only publicly disclosed information on SFPAs is the access fee paid by the EU, the EU member states that requested access to the country's waters, and the available fishing opportunities.

Access of third countries to EU waters:

Access of third country vessels to EU waters, for instance, in overseas territories is governed through access agreements with the EU. Currently, Venezuela-flagged vessels are fishing in French Guyana and Seychelles-flagged vessels are fishing in Mayotte.

These cover the joint management of shared stocks with Norway, Iceland and the Faroe Islands. EU vessels fish in Norwegian, Icelandic and Faroese waters under FAR licences and vice versa. With many North Sea and North-East Atlantic stocks shared across maritime boundaries, the EU, Iceland, Norway and the Faroe Islands coordinate their fishing activities and exchange quota. These agreements are extremely important to a large section of the EU fleet, especially the agreement with Norway, which covers quotas worth over €2 billion.

Authorisations for EU vessels to operate within a Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (RFMO) Agreement area or on the high seas where no RFMO is in place. The EU is currently a contracting party to six tuna RFMOs and 11 non-tuna RFMOs in all of the world’s oceans.

 

 

Private or chartering agreements between EU companies and third countries.

EU companies also negotiate private agreements with certain non-EU countries that grant them private access to fishing resources in the waters of these coastal states. This is only allowed when there is no Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement (SFPA) between the EU and the particular country in place. In addition, EU companies set up chartering agreements for their EU vessels to fish the resources of certain coastal states in collaboration with local companies.

In addition, under the current Regulation, EU member states whose vessels engage in fishing activities in non-EU country waters through private or chartering agreements must only inform the European Commission of the names of the vessels concerned. There is no requirement to provide other relevant information, such as the target species, fishing area, period or gear, or for this information to be made publically available. This makes it impossible for the Commission, non-EU countries with a fishing or management interest in the same stocks and other stakeholders to fully understand the activities carried out by these vessels and to ensure they are legal and sustainable.

Furthermore, there is no EU-wide database of information on private agreements between EU companies and third countries. Even though the vessels benefitting from these agreements fly EU flags or are operated by EU nationals, the EU has not established procedures to ensure that these arrangements comply with EU fisheries laws, respect labour laws, or to guarantee the EU operator that the authorisation they have bought is valid. Information on private agreements since 2008 was included in the access to information request. However the European Commission was not able to provide any information on fishing activity of EU Member States under private agreements. Private agreements are therefore not included in this database.


Reciprocity Agreement Regimes

Northern Agreement - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
EU / Faroe Islands - access Faroe Islands flagged vessels to EU waters 272 62 View Details
EU / Faroe Islands - access EU flagged vessels to Faroe Islands waters 494 101 View Details
EU / Norway - access Norway flagged vessels to EU waters 3,236 1,009 View Details
EU / Norway - access EU flagged vessels to Norway waters 4,103 1,149 View Details

Bilateral Agreement

Republic of Cape Verde - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Cape Verde 2006 - 2011 211 79 View Details
FPA Cape Verde 2011 – 2014 192 67 View Details
FPA Cape Verde 2014 - 2015 22 22 View Details
FPA Cape Verde 2015 - 2018 38 38 View Details
Union of the Comoros - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Comoros 2005 - 2010 99 44 View Details
FPA Comoros 2011 – 2013 66 25 View Details
FPA Comoros 2014 - 2017 54 28 View Details
Republic of Côte d’Ivoire - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Côte d’Ivoire 2007 -2013 141 33 View Details
FPA Côte d’Ivoire 2013 - 2018 45 27 View Details
Government of Denmark and the Home Rule Government of Greenland - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Greenland 2007 - 2012 214 43 View Details
FPA Greenland 2013 - 2015 99 29 View Details
Republic of Guinea - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Guinea 2004 - 2008 42 39 View Details
Gabonese Republic - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Gabon 2005 - 2011 137 47 View Details
FPA Gabon 2013 - 2016 53 32 View Details
Republic of Guinea-Bissau - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Guinea-Bissau 2007 - 2011 394 104 View Details
FPA Guinea-Bissau 2011 - 2012 104 68 View Details
FPA Guinea-Bissau 2014 - 2017 71 52 View Details
Republic of Iceland - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
EU / Iceland - access EU flagged vessels to Icelandic waters 1993 - 2009 23 12 View Details
Republic of Kiribati - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Kiribati 2006 - 2012 20 4 View Details
FPA Kiribati 2012 - 2015 8 4 View Details
Republic of Madagascar - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Madagascar 2007 - 2012 367 113 View Details
FPA Madagascar 2013 - 2014 150 74 View Details
FPA Madagascar 2015 - 2018 52 52 View Details
Islamic Republic of Mauritania - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Mauritania 2006 - 2008 287 152 View Details
FPA Mauritania 2008 - 2012 1,819 182 View Details
FPA Mauritania 2012 - 2014 294 89 View Details
Republic of Mauritius - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Mauritius 2014 - 2016 87 45 View Details
Federated States of Micronesia - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Micronesia 2007 - 2010 8 5 View Details
Kingdom of Morocco - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Morocco 2007 - 2012 1,136 174 View Details
FPA Morocco 2014 - 2018 182 95 View Details
Republic of Mozambique - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Mozambique 2007 - 2011 175 67 View Details
FPA Mozambique 2012 - 2015 80 43 View Details
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA São Tomé and Príncipe 2006 - 2010 87 40 View Details
FPA São Tomé and Príncipe 2011 - 2014 87 38 View Details
FPA São Tomé and Príncipe 2014 - 2018 1 1 View Details
Republic of Senegal - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
SFPA Senegal 2015 - 2019 30 30 View Details
Republic of Seychelles - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Seychelles 2005 - 2011 139 45 View Details
FPA Seychelles 2011 - 2014 66 25 View Details
FPA Seychelles 2014 - 2020 55 29 View Details
Access vessels flagged to Republic of Seychelles to waters of Mayotte - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
EU / Seychelles - access Seychelles flagged vessels to Mayotte (EU) waters 14 7 View Details
Solomon Islands - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
FPA Solomon Islands 2006 - 2010 8 4 View Details
FPA Solomon Islands 2009 - 2012 4 4 View Details
Access vessels flagged to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to waters of French Department of Guyana - More Information
Name Authorisations Vessels
EU / Venezuela – access Venezuelan flagged vessels to Guyana (EU) waters 288 71 View Details

Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

Name Authorisations Vessels
RFMO - CCAMLR 9 6 View Details
RFMO - GFCM 693 685 View Details
RFMO - IATTC 139 139 View Details
RFMO - ICCAT 51,617 19,770 View Details
RFMO - IOTC 476 159 View Details
RFMO - NAFO 862 92 View Details
RFMO - NEAFC 23,567 1,472 View Details
RFMO - SEAFO 1 1 View Details
RFMO - SPRFMO 79 33 View Details
RFMO - WCPFC 6 6 View Details

Private or Chartering Agreement

EU companies enter into private agreements with certain non-EU countries that grant them access to fish resources in the waters of these coastal states. This is only allowed when there are no SFPAs in place in these waters. In addition, EU companies set up chartering agreements for their vessels to access the resources of certain coastal states in collaboration with local companies.